Vasculitis and neurobrucellosis: Evaluation of nine cases using radiologic findings
AuthorTurkoglu, Sule Aydin
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Background: Brucellosis is an important multisystemic disease with many different clinical symptoms, and its early diagnosis and treatment are possible. Neurobrucellosis (NB) is a rare but serious finding of brucellosis. Brucella can be seen as meningitis and encephalopathy, and it can cause cranial nerve pathologies, vascular syndromes, myopathy, spinal diseases, and psychiatric disorders. In NB, vascular syndromes secondary to inflammation are rarely seen. Here, we present nine young patients with vascular and nonspecific neuropsychiatric findings who had NB as the etiology of stroke. Methods: Nine patients who were admitted to our Neurology Clinic between 2012 and 2017 for various reasons in whom brucellosis was found in the etiology were retrospectively studied. The patients' symptoms, physical examination, laboratory and radiographic findings, treatments, and treatment responses are discussed. Results: Of the nine patients who presented to our clinic in the 4-year period, five were female. The average age was 49 years. Five patients had small vessel vasculitis, three had great vessel vasculitis, and one had meningoencephalitis and pons abscess. Two patients had granuloma, and one had an aneurysm. Conclusions: We aimed to present our cases due to the fact that this disease should be kept in mind in the differential diagnosis of patients with stroke and similar neuropsychiatric findings.