Thermochemical behaviorsof textile dying sludge, paper mill sludge, and their blends during (co -)combustion
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This study aimed at the quantification of thermochemical behaviors of textile dye sludge (TDS), paper mill sludge (PMS), and their various blend ratios during (co -)combustion. Changes in Mass loss percentage (MLP) and rate (MLR) were estimated as a function of temperature, heating rate, and blend ratio. Our results pointed to a direct influence of blend ratios on mass loss percentage. Stochastic uncertainties and sensitivities associated with best -fit predictions of MLP and MLR responses were detected using all-at-once versus one-at-a-time Monte Carlo simulations. Co -combustion of TDS and PMS provided more flame stability owing to their volatile matter contents than did the combustion of pure TDS or PMS. The high C and H contents of TDS relative to those of PMS led to high lower heating value (higher energy). Effect of increased temperature on the co -combustion manifested itself in the breakdown of (hemi-)cellulose initially and lignin progressively in TDS and PMS. The increasing TDS of the blend ratio increased both MLP and MLR. Stochastic uncertainty analysis of the deterministic empirical models pinpointed overestimation by 15.6% in mean MLP and by 50% in mean MLR. Sensitivity analysis pointed to blend ratio as the most influential predictor on both MLP and MLR.