Automatic detection of respiratory arrests in OSA patients using PPG and machine learning techniques
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Obstructive sleep apnea is a syndrome which is characterized by the decrease in air flow or respiratory arrest depending on upper respiratory tract obstructions recurring during sleep and often observed with the decrease in the oxygen saturation. The aim of this study was to determine the connection between the respiratory arrests and the photoplethysmography (PPG) signal in obstructive sleep apnea patients. Determination of this connection is important for the suggestion of using a new signal in diagnosis of the disease. Thirty-four time-domain features were extracted from the PPG signal in the study. The relation between these features and respiratory arrests was statistically investigated. The Mann-Whitney U test was applied to reveal whether this relation was incidental or statistically significant, and 32 out of 34 features were found statistically significant. After this stage, the features of the PPG signal were classified with k-nearest neighbors classification algorithm, radial basis function neural network, probabilistic neural network, multilayer feedforward neural network (MLFFNN) and ensemble classification method. The output of the classifiers was considered as apnea and control (normal). When the classifier results were compared, the best performance was obtained with MLFFNN. Test accuracy rate is 97.07 % and kappa value is 0.93 for MLFFNN. It has been concluded with the results obtained that respiratory arrests can be recognized through the PPG signal and the PPG signal can be used for the diagnosis of OSA.