Frequency and Effecting Factors of Anemia On Children Registered To a Family Health Center In Bolu
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Objective: The purpose of this study is to determine the frequency of anemia in infants followed up our family health centre and the factors affecting. Methods: Records of the families, followed up by our family health centre, between January and May 2015 were examined retrospectively for the study and data of 162 infants meeting the study criteria were evaluated. The height, weight, head circumference measurements, dietary patterns and blood measurements of infants in the controls in the ninth month and until that month were recorded. The Hb level of mothers were taken as the last level measured during the control in the last trimester. Infants with Hb<11.0 g/dl were accepted as anemic. Results: The population distribution of the 162 infants between the ages of 9 and 24 months whose infant cards were examined in the study were 83 boys (51.2%) of and 79 girls (48.8%), respectively. 62.3% (n = 101) of the infants were given breast milk only until transition to supplementary food. The rate of transition to supplementary food was 5.26 +/- 0.94 months. It was determined that hemoglobin levels were significantly higher above the average in the group receiving only breastmilk (p: 0.013). The relationship between Hb levels of the mothers and hemoglobin levels of the infants as measured during the lastfollow-up was significant (p: 0.01). The rate of Hb levels above 11 g/dl was significantly higher in infants taking iron supplement daily (p: 0.01). Conclusions: In our study, we have determined that Hb values of the mother measured during the pregnancy controls affect Hb values of the infant and that Hb values of the infant get better up on the regular intake of breast milk and iron supplement recommended by the ministry of health and this is important as it indicates the significance of regular pregnant-infant controls and iron prophylaxis.