Prediction of Photocatalytic Degradation and Mineralization Efficiencies of Basic Blue 3 Using TiO2 by Nonlinear Modeling Based on Box-Behnken Design
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In the present study, nonlinear modeling of color and chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal of Basic Blue 3 as a fairly toxic textile dye by photocatalytic degradation using TiO2 was investigated. A three replicates and one duplicate of Box-Behnken design with 45 runs, with three factors and three levels of catalyst concentration of 0.5-1.5 g/L, initial dye concentration of 20-100 mg/L, and initial pH of 3-11 were set to quantify the explanatory variables. ANOVA results showed that the best-fit multi-nonlinear regression models were cross-validated (R-pred(2)) accounting for 99.98-99.79% and were expressed (R-adj(2)) accounting for 99.88-99.85% of variation in decolorization (color removal) and mineralization (COD removal), respectively. In total, 0.51 g/L of TiO2, 100 mg/L of initial dye concentration, and initial pH of 7 were established as optimum operating parameters by leave-one-out optimization that resulted in 88.61 and 79.03 % for color and COD removal, respectively. 88.78% of color removal and 76.95% of COD removal were determined by cross-validation experiments at optimum conditions. Results showed that optimum point determination was successful.