Effect of ZrO2 Addition on Microstructure, Transport and Magnetic Properties of Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+delta System
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The influence of zirconium (Zr) addition to the Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+delta (Bi2212) system on its phase formation, microstructure, transport, and magnetic properties is investigated. Samples have been characterized by means of X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD), scanning electron microscopy equipped with energy dispersive of X-ray analysis (SEM/EDX), and resistivity versus temperature measurement. The results show an increase of the critical temperature of superconductive transition T (c) for x=0.01 and in all the samples containing Zr the Bi2212 phase is the majority. SEM observations show whiskers grains randomly distributed and microstructural change due to the addition of Zr. Resistivity measurement show that the temperature of the onset of transition T (c) increases by 9 K for x=0.005, 0.02, and 5 K for x=0.01 of ZrO2. An improvement of the normal state conductivity is obtained for the lowest content of Zr (x=0.005). In the normal state, all the samples exhibit a metallic behavior except the sample with x=0.01, which exhibit a semiconductor character.