Effect of doping by low content of yttrium at Ca and Sr sites of Bi(Pb)-2212 superconducting ceramics
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In this work, a comparative study of the effect of doping bylaw content of Y3+ between (Ca site) and out of (Sr site) the CuO2 planes of Bi(Pb)-2212 phase is presented. Ceramics of Bi1.6Pb0.4Sr2Ca1-xYxCu2O8+d (called CY series) and Bi1.6Pb0.4Sr2-xYxCaCu2O8+d (called SY series) with x=0, 0.025, 0.05, 0.075 and 0.1 are elaborated in air by conventional solid state reaction. They are characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electronic Microscopy (SEM), density, Vickers microhardness and resistivity measurements. The refinement of cell parameters is done by considering the structural modulation. In comparison with the undoped sample (x=0), the cell parameters a, b and c are reduced by the doping for both series while the b component of the modulation vector increases. A good correlation between the variations of the bulk density and the Vickers microhardness with x is obtained. For both series, the SEM analysis shows that the doped samples exhibit a reduced grain size than that of the undoped one. The variation of resistivity with temperature shows that all samples exhibit a metallic-like character in the normal state. For all doping levels, the CY series presents higher onset critical transition temperature than that of the undoped sample, which is equal to 85.43 K. The opposite is obtained for SY series. The highest value of this temperature is obtained for x=0.075 in the doped samples and is about 92.15 and 79.96 K for CY and SY series, respectively. These values may correspond to a near optimally doped state since the slope (d rho/dT) of resistivity shows a maximum at the same value of x=0.075. For both series, when Y3+ is introduced into the samples, the residual resistivity decreases first for x=0.025 and increases gradually after this value until x=0.1. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.