Boron effect on decay resistance of some fire-retardant coatings applied on plywood surface [Pilzhemmende Wirkung des Bors in feuerhemmenden Anstrichen von Sperrholz]
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Boron effect on decay resistance of some fire-retardant coatings applied on plywood surface was studied. Boric acid (B) was mixed into aqueous trimethylol melamine (TM) solution to increase the fixation in wood. To reveal the decay resistance of boric acid-added formulations, coatings were applied over radiata pine plywood surface as 100 g/m2 amounts. Phosphoric acid (P) and dicyandiamide (D) were also used alone or in mixtures as reference coatings for comparison. Coated specimens were exposed to weathering according to Japanese Industrial Standard JIS A 9201 (1991) as severe leaching for 10 cycles, prior to decay test. Non-leached and leached specimens, then, were inoculated with a brown-rot fungus Tyromyces palustris and a white-rot fungus Coriolus versicolor. Extent of the fungal attack was determined by mass loss of the specimens after 12 weeks incubation and microscopic examinations by 6 × magnification. Results indicated that TMB and TMDB coatings imparted the panels complete decay resistance despite severe weathering conditions and were proved superior over all other alone and mixture coatings. Although other combinations and alone treatments used in the study were also effective to inhibit the fungal damage before weathering, leaching greatly reduced their protective efficacy. Surface characteristics of decayed specimens were consistent with the determined values of mass losses caused by fungal attack. TMB and TMDB coatings were remarkably effective in maintaining sound surface properties after exposure to weathering and decay fungi.