Assessment of signal-to-noise ratio and contrast-to-noise ratio in 3 T magnetic resonance imaging in the presence of zirconium, titanium, and titanium-zirconium alloy
AuthorKocasarac, Husniye Demirturk
Kursun-Cakmak, Emine Sebnem
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Objective. We quantitatively compared the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) in T1 weighted imaging (WI) and T2 WI sequences in 3 Tesla (T) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using zirconium, titanium (grades 4 and 5), and titanium-zirconium alloy implants to evaluate the effect of implant type and imaging sequence. Study Design. MRI was acquired using a 3 T magnet with a 16-channel head coil. Implants of each type were mounted in gel and scanned in axial, coronal, and sagittal planes using fast spin echo sequences in T1 WI (TR = 600, TE =12 milliseconds) and T2 WI (TR = 3000, TE = 80 milliseconds) sequences. Data were transferred to Synapse 3-D software, and images were measured twice by an oral and maxillofacial radiologist blinded to the type of implants. Results. Zirconium implants resulted in the lowest SNR and CNR values (P < .05). No significant differences were identified between titanium (grades 4 and 5) and titanium-zirconium implants. The T2 WI sequence had a significantly higher SNR and CNR than T1 WI. There was no difference in intraobserver agreement between T1 WI and T2 WI. Conclusions. CNR and SNR at 3 T MRI are dependent on implant type and imaging sequence. Titanium (grades 4 and 5) and titanium-zirconium implants and the T2 WI sequence produced higher SNR and CNR values.