Catalytic combustion performances, kinetics, reaction mechanisms and gas emissions of Lentinus edodes
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This study aimed to quantify the catalytic effects of CaO, Fe2O3, and their blend on the Lentinus edodes stipe (LES) and pileus (LEP) combustion performances, kinetics and emissions in bioenergy generation. Apparent activation energy (E-a) of LES and LEP increased with CaO, decreased with Fe2O3 and differed with their blend. The catalysts mainly affected the maximum intensity of volatiles combustion and partly the fixed carbon combustion. CaO, Fe2O3, and their blend decreased the release intensity of NO(x )from the LES combustion. Fe2O3 increased SO2 emission, while CaO, and the blend narrowed the emission temperature to the range of 200 to 450 degrees C. Kinetic triplets were estimated via the integral master-plots methods, and the best-fit reaction for the three sub-stages were obtained coupled with the model-free models. Our study provides a reference for the catalyzed biomass combustion in terms of pollution control, bioenergy generation, optimal design of incinerator, and industrial-scale application.