Pro-inflammatory or anti-inflammatory effects of pulsed magnetic field treatments in rats with experimental acute inflammation
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In this study, we evaluated the possible effects of sequenced pulsed magnetic fields (PMF) of 1-mT treatments with designed different frequencies (PMF-1-1, 3, 5, 7 Hz or PMF-2-7, 9, 12, 14 Hz) on the inflammatory signs such as abnormal pain behaviors, hyperalgesia and allodynia, edema, and fever in carrageenan (CG)-induced hind paw inflammation model in rats. Paw tissues were also histologically examined. PMF exposure was applied 3 times in 24 h. CG injection gradually decreased the thermal latencies and mechanical threshold and caused significant increases in temperature and mass of paw. PMF treatments significantly reduced the temperature and mass in the paw of rats with inflammation. PMF-1 treatments caused significant increases in the latencies and thresholds. However, administration of PMF-2 treatment was significantly decreased the latency and threshold. Furthermore, the histological pieces of evidence also suggested the anti-inflammatory effects of PMF-1 treatments or inflammatory actions of PMF-2 treatments. Findings presented in this paper suggest that 1-mT PMF treatments may have anti-edematous and antipyretics activities in inflamed rats. However, the effects of PMF treatments on abnormal pain hypersensitivities may be different. PMF treatments may make inflammatory pain relief or worse in inflamed rats depending on the PMF frequencies in sequence.