The acromegaly registry of ten different centers in Turkey
Karci, Alper Cagri
Yaylali, Guzin Fidan
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Objectives: To describe biochemical and clinical features, and therapeutic outcomes of acromegaly patients in Turkey. Methods: Retrospective multicenter epidemiological study of 547 patients followed in 10 centers of the Turkish Acromegaly registry. Results: A total of 547 acromegaly patients (55% female) with a median age of 41 was included in this study. Majority of patients had a macroadenoma (78%). Transsphenoidal surgery was performed as primary treatment in 92% of the patients (n = 503). Surgical remission rate was 39% (197/503) in all operated patients. Overall disease control was achieved in 70% of patients. Remission group were significantly older than non-remission group (p = .002). Patients with microadenomas had significantly higher remission rates than patients with macroadenomas (p < .001). Patients with microadenomas were significantly older at the time of diagnosis when compared to patients with macroadenomas (p < .001). Preoperative growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) levels were significantly lower in the remission group (p < .001). Initial IGF-1 and GH levels were significantly higher in macroadenomas compared to microadenomas (p < .001). Medical treatment was administered as a second-line treatment (97%) in almost all patients without remission. Radiotherapy was preferred in 21% of the patients mostly as a third line treatment. Conclusions: This is one of the largest real life studies evaluating the epidemiological characteristics and treatment outcomes of patients with acromegaly who were followed in different centers in Turkey. Transsphenoidal surgery in the treatment of acromegaly still remains the most valid method. Medical treatment options may improve long-term disease outcomes in patients who cannot be controlled with surgical treatment (up to 70%).